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PREVENTION

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DIETS

For early stages of CKD, there are different types of diets to pursue as well as dietary recommendations. Be sure to talk with your healthcare provider about your specific nutrition needs. Read the brief descriptions of each diet and recommendation below.

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Diet Salad

DASH Diet

Studies on the DASH have demonstrated that the DASH diet helps decrease blood pressure, lowers the risk for heart disease, stroke and cancer, and reduces the risk of kidney stone formation.


The DASH Diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts. It is low in salt and sodium, added sugars and sweets, fat and red meats.

The Mediterranean Diet

This is a diet typical of many Mediterranean countries, such as Italy and Spain. It consists mainly of cereals, grains, vegetables, beans, fruits, and nuts, along with moderate amounts of fish, cheese, olive oil, yogurt, and little red meat.

Eating more plant-based foods such as vegetables and grains in place of animal-based foods such as red meat may help prevent and slow the progression of CKD, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

General Tips

  • To feel your best, control your sodium (salt) intake. Eating too much sodium can make it hard to manage your fluids and thirst. It can also cause high blood pressure, fluid gain, swelling, and heart damage.

  • Limit foods with added phosphorus (any words with “phos”, such as calcium phosphate or phosphoric
    acid, in the ingredients).

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EXERCISE

Exercise can prevent kidney disease by helping you to: 

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Control blood pressure and cholesterol

  • Prevent other diseases

Aerobic exercises are the best option for non-dialysis CKD patients and should last between 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week. 

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